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Title I, Part D Glossary

This page lists acronyms and definitions of terms commonly used in regard to the Title I, Part D program and other educational programs for youth who are neglected, delinquent, or at risk of academic failure.





AYP - Adequate Yearly Progress
CFR - Code of Federal Regulations
CSPR - Consolidated State Performance Report
CSSO - Chief State School Officer
DOE - Department of Education
ED - U.S. Department of Education
EDEN - Education Data Exchange Network
ESEA - Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 2015, as amended
GED - General Educational Development Program
GEPA - General Education Provisions Act
GPRA - Government Performance and Results Act
HQT - Highly Qualified Teacher
IDEA - Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IEP - Individualized Education Program
LEA - Local Education Agency
N or D - Neglected or Delinquent
NDTAC - National Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center for the Education of Children and Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent or At Risk
PBIS - Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports
PPE - Per-Pupil Expenditure
SA - State Agency
SEA - State Education Agency
TSY- Training School for Youth





  • Adult Correctional Institution - A facility in which persons, including youth under 21 years of age, are confined as a result of conviction for a criminal offense.
  • Annual Count - A survey administered by the Department of Education's Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (OESE) on an annual basis. For this survey, States provide a count of the number of children and youth living in State or local institutions for youth who are neglected or delinquent. ED uses these data to determine funding for Title I, Parts A and D. Officially called the "Annual Report of Children in Institutions for Neglected or Delinquent Children, Adult Correctional Institutions, and Community Day Programs for Neglected or Delinquent Children." Also sometimes referred to as the "October Count."
  • At-Risk - The term 'at-risk,' when used with respect to a child, youth, or student, means a school-aged individual who is at-risk of academic failure, has a drug or alcohol problem, is pregnant or is a parent, has come into contact with the juvenile justice system in the past, is at least 1 year behind the expected grade level for the age of the individual, has limited English proficiency, is a gang member, has dropped out of school in the past, or has a high absenteeism rate at school.
  • At-Risk Programs - Programs operated in local schools that target students who are at-risk of academic failure, have a drug or alcohol problem, are pregnant or parenting, have been in contact with the juvenile justice system in the past, are at least 1 year behind the expected age/grade level, have limited English proficiency, are gang members, have dropped out of school in the past, or have a high absenteeism rate.
  • Children and Youth - (1) Persons up through age 21 who are entitled to a free public education through grade 12; and (2) Preschool children below the age and grade level at which the agency provides free public education.
  • Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) - Compilation of requirements and legally enforceable rules issued by Federal agencies and published annually by the National Archives and Records Administration. The CFR is divided into numbered titles. Title 34, Sections 200.90 and 200.91 contain the regulations of the Department of Education related to Title I, Part D.
  • Community Day Program - A community day program is a regular program of instruction provided at a community day school operated specifically for neglected or delinquent children and youth.
  • Consolidated State Performance Report (CSPR) - A data collection instrument administered by the Department of Education's Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (OESE) on an annual basis. All States that received funding on the basis of the Consolidated State Application for the applicable school year must respond to the reporting requirements in the CSPR. The CSPR collects student and facility counts, demographic information (race/ethnicity, age and gender), and academic and vocational outcomes including performance in reading and math. 
  • Delinquent - The term 'delinquent,' when used with respect to a child, youth, or student means an individual who resides in a public or private residential facility other than a foster home that is operated for the care of children and youth who have been adjudicated delinquent or in need of supervision.
  • Delinquent Institution - An institution for delinquent children and youth is a public or private residential facility other than a foster home that is operated for the care of children and youth who have been adjudicated delinquent or in need of supervision. Delinquent facilities include facilities for detention, juvenile corrections, and adult corrections. Note that for Subpart 1 purposes, these facilities must have an average length of stay of 30 days.
  • Detention Facilities - Detention facilities are shorter-term institutions that provide care to children who require secure custody pending court adjudication, court disposition, or execution of a court order, or care to children after commitment.
  • Duplicated Count - A count of students that includes multiple enrollments. Essentially, this value should be equivalent to the number of admissions a facility or program processed for Title I, Part D students during the reporting year.
  • Education Data Exchange Network (EDEN) - The U.S. Department of Education's online data system. States use the EDEN system to submit CSPR data annually.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) - ESEA, first enacted in 1965, is the principal Federal law affecting K-12 education. 
  • Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) - Enacted in 1974, FERPA is the prime piece of Federal legislation regarding the sharing of educational information. Its purpose is to prevent the unnecessary disclosure of students' educational records.
  • Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) - Authorized in 1993, this program holds Federal agencies accountable for using resources wisely and achieving program results. GPRA requires agencies to develop a 5-year Strategic Plan, Annual Performance Plans, and Annual Performance Reports to ensure that they plan for what they intend to accomplish, measure how well they are doing, make appropriate decisions based on the information they have gathered, and communicate information about their performance to Congress and to the public.
  • Highly Qualified Teacher (HQT) - One aspect of the NCLB statute is the requirement of teachers in core academic areas to be "highly qualified." This is determined by three essential criteria: (1) attaining a bachelor's degree or better in the subject taught; (2) obtaining full State teacher certification; and (3) demonstrating knowledge in all subjects taught.
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) - A federally-funded program to ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free, appropriate, public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for further education, employment, and independent living.
  • Individualized Education Program (IEP) - A written statement for each individual with a disability that is developed, reviewed, and revised in accordance with section 614(d) of IDEA regulations.
  • Institution-Wide Program - Authorized by section 1416 of Title I, Part D. A program that serves all children in, and upgrades the entire educational effort of, an institution or program eligible for Part D, Subpart 1 funds. The purpose of the institution-wide approach is similar to that of school-wide programs operated under Title I, Part A. Note that adult correctional institutions cannot operate institution-wide programs.
  • Juvenile Correctional Institution - See definition for delinquent institution.
  • Local Educational Agency - The term, as defined by the statue, includes any public institution or agency having administrative control and direction of a public elementary school or secondary school.
  • Locally Operated Correctional Facility - A facility in which persons are confined as a result of a conviction for a criminal offense, including persons under 21 years of age. The term also includes a local public or private institution and community day program or school not operated by the State that serves delinquent children and youth.
  • Long-Term Students - Students who have been enrolled in a program for 90 or more consecutive calendar days. Multiple admissions cannot be added together.
  • Migrant Child - A child who is, or whose parent, spouse, or guardian is, a migratory agricultural worker, including a migratory dairy worker, or a migratory fisher, and who, in the preceding 36 months, in order to obtain, or accompany such parent, spouse, or guardian, in order to obtain temporary or seasonal employment in agricultural or fishing work- (1) Has moved from one school district to another; (2) In a State that is comprised of a single school district, has moved from one administrative area to another within such district; or (3) Resides in a school district of more than 15,000 square miles, and migrates a distance of 20 miles or more to a temporary residence to engage in a fishing activity.
  • Multipurpose Facility - An institution/facility/program which serves more than one programming purpose. For example, the same facility may run both a juvenile corrections program and a neglected program.
  • Neglected - The term 'neglected,' when used with respect to a child, youth, or student, means an individual who has been committed to an institution (other than a foster home) or voluntarily placed under applicable State law due to abandonment, neglect, or death of his or her parents or guardians.
  • Neglected Institution - An institution for neglected children and youth is a public or private residential facility, other than a foster home, that is operated primarily for the care of children and youth who have been committed to the institution or voluntarily placed there under applicable state law due to (1) abandonment, (2) neglect, or (3) death of their parents or guardians. Note that for Subpart 1 purposes, these facilities must have an average length of stay of 30 days.
  • Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS or PBS) - A research-based framework for implementing school-wide systems of behavioral support to help prevent and reduce problem behavior.
  • Regular Program of Instruction - An educational program (not beyond grade 12) in an institution or a community day program for N or D children that consists of classroom instruction in basic school subjects such as reading, mathematics, and vocationally oriented subjects, and that is supported by non-Federal funds. Neither the manufacture of goods within the institution nor activities related to institutional maintenance is considered classroom instruction.
  • State Agency (SA) - An agency of State government responsible for providing free public education for children in institutions for N or D children, community day programs for N or D children, and adult correctional institutions.
  • State Education Agency (SEA) - The State board of education or other agency or officer primarily responsible for the State supervision of public elementary schools and secondary schools or, if there is no such officer or agency, an officer or agency designated by the Governor or by State law.
  • Title I - The purpose of this program is to help ensure that all children have the opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach proficiency on challenging state standards and assessments.
  • Title I, Part A - This Title I program, also called "Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local Education Agencies," provides financial assistance through SEAs to LEAs and schools with high numbers or high percentages of poor children to help ensure that all children meet challenging state academic standards.
  • Title I, Part DThis Title I program is also called "The Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth who are Neglected, Delinquent or At-Risk." It provides financial assistance to educational programs for youth in State-operated institutions or community day programs. The program also provides financial assistance to support school districts' programs involving collaboration with locally operated correctional facilities.
  • Unduplicated CountAn unduplicated count is one that counts students only once, even though they may have been admitted to a facility or program multiple times within the reporting year.

Updated September 2013